By Dr Carlos Marichal
This ebook emphasizes that the Spanish empire remained the 3rd most vital ecu kingdom when it comes to monetary source of revenue and naval energy, and primary in measurement of territorial empire, rather as a result of its colonies in Spanish the US. The Spanish crown was once all for 4 wars with nice Britain and wars with France through the a long time 1760-1810. Colonial Mexico financed almost all these wars by way of remitting silver within the type of taxes and loans. The expenses of the imperial wars have been so nice that they finally brought on the financial ruin of either the Spanish American colonies and of the monarchy itself.
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Extra resources for Bankruptcy of Empire: Mexican Silver and the Wars Between Spain, Britain and France, 1760-1810
75–78. 18 See the classic study: Francis Paul Renault, Le pacte de famille et l’Am´erique: la politique coloniale franco-espagnole, de 1760 a` 1792 (Paris: Leroux, 1922). For an overview and new interpretation, see Allan J. Kuethe and Lowell Blaisdell, “French Influences and the Origins of the Bourbon Colonial Reorganization,” Hispanic American Historical Review, 71, 3 (August 1991), 579–607. 19 Jan Glete, Navies and Nations: Warships, Navies and State Building in Europe and America, 1500–1860, vol.
Cambridge University Press, 1971), Chapter 1. Most subsequent studies have followed his interpretation, in the sense of emphasizing the profound nature and impact of these reforms: much of the recent bibliography P1: JZP 9780521879644c01 CUNY1040/Marichal 0 521 87964 7 August 23, 2007 13:51 Resurgence of the Spanish Empire 25 the costs were covered unequally. 22 Bourbon Reforms and Grand Strategies of Imperial Defense One of the most astonishing facts of imperial rule in the Americas was that for over two centuries the Spanish monarchy had not been obliged to cover major land expenses for the defense of its many colonies.
P1: JZP 9780521879644c01 CUNY1040/Marichal 0 521 87964 7 August 23, 2007 13:51 1 Resurgence of the Spanish Empire: Bourbon Mexico as Submetropolis, 1763–1800 When the great explorer and scientist Alexander von Humboldt visited colonial Mexico in 1803, he was witness to one of the final and most brilliant periods in the history of the viceroyalty. Eloquent proof could be found in the capital of Mexico which, with its more than 100,000 inhabitants, was the largest city in the western hemisphere. It was also one of the most prosperous to be judged by its many magnificent palaces, by the display of luxurious carriages along its broad avenues, by the great number of mercantile establishments, and by the activity of its popular markets.
Bankruptcy of Empire: Mexican Silver and the Wars Between Spain, Britain and France, 1760-1810 by Dr Carlos Marichal