By Stuart Oskamp
Outstanding advances because of new study findings, size ways, common makes use of of the web, and more and more subtle ways to sampling and polling, have motivated a brand new new release of perspective students. This largely revised variation captures this pleasure, whereas last grounded in scholarly research.Attitudes and reviews, 3/e continues one of many major objectives of the unique variation - breadth of assurance. The booklet completely reports either implicit and specific measures of attitudes, the constitution and serve as of attitudes, the character of public opinion and polling, angle formation, verbal exchange of attitudes and reviews, and the connection among attitudes and behaviors, in addition to theories and learn on perspective swap. Over 2,000 references help the book's clinical integrity. The authors' moment aim is to illustrate the relevance of the subject to people's lives. as a result, the second one a part of the e-book examines a number of the issues and examine findings which are salient on this planet this present day - political and foreign attitudes (including terrorism), balloting habit, racism and prejudice, sexism and gender roles, and environmental attitudes.
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Extra resources for Attitudes and opinions
In contrast with the preceding two processes, in which stereo typic information is actually presented in different degrees of association with various social groups, in the process of illusory correlation people come to perceive a correlation of particular traits with a given social group, even in cases where they have not been differentially associated. Experiments on social cognition have shown that this illogical process often occurs in situations where subjects are presented with instances in which two groups of different size (a numerical majority group and minority group) are paired with two or more kinds of traits or behaviors having different frequencies (a common one such as honesty and a rare one, such as being a criminal).
Similarly, people who are busy with multiple tasks tend to remember information about individuals better when it confirms their stereotype of the group (Macrae, Hewstone, & Griffiths, 1993), and the same is true of prejudiced people who have strong stereotypes (von Hippel, Sekaquaptewa, & Vargas, 1995). Although schemas can change over time, there are several different cognitive and motivational processes that contribute to their continuation (Hilton & von Hippel, 1996). Thus, one of their main features is their perseverance—sometimes even when the evidence that produced them is completely discredited (Anderson, Lepper, & Ross, 1980).
A later approach is to consider these three aspects as separate and distinct entities, calling them beliefs, attitudes, and behavioral intentions. A third viewpoint, called a latent process approach, is favored in this text. It considers attitudes as unobservable intervening variables, which must be inferred from observable responses. It holds that attitudes can arise from stimulus events through cognitive, affec tive, and/or behavioral processes, and that they can be demonstrated by any or all of these three types of responses.
Attitudes and opinions by Stuart Oskamp