By Mario Mikulincer PhD, Phillip R. Shaver PhD
This authoritative paintings offers a scientific, entire evaluation of concept and study on grownup attachment. The authors—who were on the leading edge of this quickly transforming into box because the ideas of "adult attachment" and "attachment type" have been first developed—trace how Bowlby and Ainsworth's unique constructs have developed in the course of the examine of kids and adults. They evaluate extant measures and research how attachment idea has been used to increase clinical figuring out of feelings, social cognition, shut relationships, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.
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Additional resources for Attachment in Adulthood: Structure, Dynamics, and Change
In the following passage, Bowlby (1979) described how these chronically accessible models shape a person’s experience: [One] tends to assimilate any new person with whom he may form a bond, such as a spouse, or child, or employer, or therapist, to an existing model (either of one or other parent or of self), and often to continue to do so despite repeated evidence that the model is inappropriate. Similarly he expects to be perceived and treated by them in ways that would be appropriate to his self-model, and to continue with such expectations despite contrary evidence.
1), resulting from recurrent use of hyperactivating or deactivating strategies. These hypothetical circuits affect the monitoring and appraisal of threats and of attachment figure availability. We assume that all components and circuits in the model, not just the “choice” among secondary strategies for dealing with attachment figure unresponsiveness, can operate in the adult mind either consciously or unconsciously, and either deliberately or automatically. Moreover, these components and circuits can operate in parallel, synchronously, or in conflicting ways at conscious and unconscious levels.
Overall, the model emphasizes both reality—the current context in which the attachment system is activated—and fantasies, defenses, and cognitive biases associated with particular attachment schemas, strategies, and styles. In this way, we hope to capture what was correct about both psychoanalytic theory’s emphasis on internal biases and Bowlby’s (1969/1982) claim, which we quoted in Chapter 1, that attachment working models are “tolerably accurate reflections” of what actually happened (Bowlby, 1973, p.
Attachment in Adulthood: Structure, Dynamics, and Change by Mario Mikulincer PhD, Phillip R. Shaver PhD