By Steve Marsh (auth.)
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Additional resources for Anglo-American Relations and Cold War Oil: Crisis in Iran
Britain was determined to protect its economic interests but for the US the oil dispute changed from a commercial to a containment issue. Second, the new US interest played on traditional Anglo-American sensitivities about oil supplies and led Attlee's government to fear for Britain's traditional sphere of influence.
Washington officials again reassessed their strategic plans and political assumptions. NSC-68 was the product. 104 Brainchild of Paul Nitze, it was both a logical extension of Kennan's containment theory and a partial recognition of the reasoning that inspired journalist Walter Lippmann's critique of the Long Telegram. 105 NSC-68 embraced Kennan's analysis that the Soviet State was antithetical to that of the American. However, it also attributed to the USSR a messianic desire for world domination that prevented peaceful coexistence and recognised Lippmann's argument that the US should not passively cede to it the Cold War initiative.
As for the Truman administration, it was content that the dispute was a commercial one and a British responsibility and simply monitored the situation primarily for any implications that a settlement might have for US oil interests in the Middle East. Matters deteriorated, though, when Iranian nationalists, unhappy with the terms agreed by Gulshayan, filibustered out the term of the 15th Majlis, which ended on 28 July. Over the eight months it took to elect its successor, the newly formed National Front consolidated the position of Iranian nationalists and placed itself in the vanguard of those demanding more radical AlOe concessions.
Anglo-American Relations and Cold War Oil: Crisis in Iran by Steve Marsh (auth.)