By Richard E. Blanton, Gary M. Feinman, Stephen A. Kowalewski, Linda M. Nicholas
Simply after 500 B.C., one of many earliest states within the New international built within the Valley of Oaxaca, in present-day Mexico. The newly created political establishment introduced in its wake a profound transformation of society and know-how. This ebook investigates the wealthy archaeological checklist of the valley in an try and throw gentle at the reasons and results of those adjustments.
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Extra resources for Ancient Oaxaca: The Monte Alban State
The intensification of long-distance interaction between high-status households that increasingly shared not only ritual items but also cosmological principles, deities, and ritual practices began to create an integrated Mesoamerican world with a transcendent culture. However, little is evident in the way of the division of labor between regions that we see later in the Mesoamerican world-system's core-periphery structure. For example, the major source for magnetite mirrors for a large area extending from the Basin of Mexico to Veracruz was evidently San José Mogote in the Valley of Oaxaca, but the total production enterprise there consisted of only a few households (Marcus and Flannery 1996:102).
At San José Mogote and several other excavated communities, carved pottery depicts two distinct symbolic patterns, one stylistically representing lightning or sky (the fire-serpent) and the other earth (portrayed as "earthquake") (Flannery and Marcus 1994:136-39; Marcus 1989). That this pottery may refer to male descent groups is indicated by the fact that only males (including children) are buried with the carved imagery. Further, these decorated pots symbolize spatially distinct social groupings.
I II . li . | 1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 E10 HI .. m l i . * . - . . i i ' i i rr i •:• | i I. i i • . 6 Distribution of three classes of agricultural land in the Valley of Oaxaca. turning a brown-gray-yellow dry season (November to April) environment into a verdant green landscape. Rainfall is highly variable spatially, seasonally, and from year to year. In an average year, a given locale receives between 400 and 800 millimeters of rain. If propitiously timed, this is marginally adequate to produce a single crop of maize.
Ancient Oaxaca: The Monte Alban State by Richard E. Blanton, Gary M. Feinman, Stephen A. Kowalewski, Linda M. Nicholas