By Bibhutibhushan Datta

ISBN-10: 8170204607

ISBN-13: 9788170204602

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**Extra resources for Ancient Hindu Geometry: The Science Of The Sulba**

**Example text**

Since V n (S - U) is empty, V lies in U. On the other hand, if p is a point of S, and C is any closed set not containing p, then S - C is an open set containing p. By assumption, there is an open set V containing p, with V contained in S - C. Thus V is an open set containing p, and S - V is an open set containing C. The two open sets V and S - V are disjoint. Therefore S is regular. 0 THEOREM 2-5. If Sis a regular space, pis a point of S, and Cis a closed set not containing p, then there exist open sets with disjoint closures, one containing p and the other containing C.

Show that if A is infinite, then fPAS a has limit points although none of its factor spaces has limit points. ExERCISE 1-19. Show that fPASa has no nondegenerate connected subsets. ExERCISE 1-20. The (middle-third) Cantor set is composed of all points in the closed interval [0, 1] whose triadic expansion (base 3) contains no units. Show that if A denotes the positive integers, then fPASa is homeomorphic to the Cantor set. 1-11 Function spaces. , by taking subspaces and by making product spaces.

Still, there are many stages between the most general topological space and a compact metric space and, failing to achieve the ideal, there is yet a chance to choose some well-studied topology for the given collection. Some of these topologies are given in this chapter. 2-2 Separation axioms. A widely used set of successively stronger conditions to be placed upon a topological space are the "trennungsaxioms" of Alexandroff and Hopf [2], the so-called Ti-axioms. The first three of these are AxiOM T 0 • Given two points of a topological space S, at least one of them is contained in an open set not containing the other.

### Ancient Hindu Geometry: The Science Of The Sulba by Bibhutibhushan Datta

by Kenneth

4.1