Download e-book for kindle: Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a by Albert L. Lloyd

By Albert L. Lloyd

ISBN-10: 902723003X

ISBN-13: 9789027230034

The ongoing debate over the life or non-existence of formal verbal element in Gothic caused the writer to put in writing this monograph whose target is to supply a very new beginning for a idea of point and similar good points. Gothic, with its restricted corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and displaying fascinating parallels with Slavic verbal buildings, serves and an illustrative version for the speculation. partially I the writer argues unified conception of element, actional varieties, and verbal speed awarded there possesses an inner common sense and isn't at variance with saw proof in quite a few Indo-European languages. partly II an research is gifted of the Gothic verb procedure which seeks to provide an explanation for the much-disputed functionality of ga- and to resolve the matter of Gothic point and actional varieties which does no violence both to the Gothic textual content or the Greek unique.

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Additional resources for Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity

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The greater the 'forward surge' of each pulse, the more likely it is to be recognized as a separate pulse (though this factor must be considered in connection with factors 1 and 2 ) ; extremely weak, slow pulses tend to lose their individual identity in the resulting 'action', characterized by little overall change. , which, as we shall see in the next chapter, represent merely 'the maintenance of a particular course and resistance to any change of course', predicate neither a passive state nor a single act, but a series of pulses, each below the limit of perceptibility as a separ­ ate pulse, serving to maintain the 'active state' and re­ sist the pull of the temporal flow, to which all entities return as soon as no actional energy is exerted.

Thus: 'It is raining', 'Il pleut', 'Es regnet', etc. There is an action going on, but what entity is performing it? What is it? The Greeks apparent­ ly believed to have identified the entity in their expres­ sion 'Zeus is raining' The Russians, on the other hand, make the rain itself into the entity and de­ scribe the action by the verb goes: 'The rain is going' (idet dožd'). The other extreme is represented by a phenomenon which consists so predominantly of static entities that no action can be discovered; yet no phenomenon can be reported with­ out some type of predication about some entity.

In this view, then, the flow of time can be expressed as a vector quantity, a uniform 1 The Columbia Encyclopedia, 3rd. , New York, 1963, p. 2139. The word 'entity' is a poor choice in this context and should not be confused with our use of the word. Predicational Bidimensionality velocity in one unchanging direction. 25 Every entity is con- tinuously moving with the same TEMPORAL VELOCITY. Hence every predication is dynamic, to the extent that it attri­ butes existence and thus temporal velocity to the subject entity and whatever characterizes that entity.

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Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity by Albert L. Lloyd

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