By Marie-Aimée Cliche, W. Donald Wilson
At one time, using corporal punishment through mom and dad in child-rearing used to be thought of common, yet within the moment half the 19th century this start to switch, in Quebec in addition to the remainder of the Western global. It was once in this interval that the level of ill-treatment inflicted on children—treatment as soon as excused pretty much as good child-rearing practice—was discovered.
This e-book analyzes either the recommendation supplied to folks and different varieties of baby abuse inside households. Cliche derives her details from family members magazines, experiences and suggestion columns in newspapers, people's existence tales, the documents of the Montreal Juvenile courtroom, or even comedian strips. dates are given specific concentration: 1920, with the trial of the fogeys of Aurore Gagnon, which sensitized the general public to the phenomenon of "child martyrs;" and 1940, with the arrival of the hot schooling circulate, which was once in accordance with psychology instead of strict self-discipline and spiritual doctrine.
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Additional resources for Abuse or Punishment?. Violence toward Children in Quebec Families, 1850-1969
24 The rod, considered indispensable by strict authors like Nicolaÿ, was not the only way to ensure children’s obedience: respect for their parents was another. Thus Father Boncompain disapproved of mothers who in their eagerness for affection pampered their babies, smothered them with kisses, showered them with syrupy, extravagant words, and almost made playthings of them. ) These unbending instructions are somewhat reminiscent of Jules Vallès’s memoirs: “I do not recall a single caress during the years when I was very small; I was never cossetted, stroked, or kissed; I was beaten a great deal.
PART I IN THE GOOD OLD DAYS: A RURAL SOCIETY, 1850–1919 In 1850 Quebec was called Canada East (Lower Canada in some official documents) and was governed under the Act of Union (1841). The number of its inhabitants, initially 890,261, would rise to one and a half million by the turn of the twentieth century. More than three-quarters were of French origin. 2 births per 1,000 inhabitants between 1866 and 1876, and 38 per 1,000 between 1906 and 1916. Unfortunately, the infant mortality rate was also very high, particularly in Montreal.
For instance, Le Foyer Canadien was a family newspaper for Francophones living in Massachusetts. La Mère et l’Enfant was produced by a doctor who wished to reduce infantile mortality. La Famille and La Famille chrétienne both had priests as editors. The department store Le Bon Marché offered its customers the magazine La Femme. Le Coin du feu, and La Bonne Parole expressed the ideas of the earliest Quebec feminists. Finally, La Tempérance was a tool of the Franciscans in their campaign against alcohol.
Abuse or Punishment?. Violence toward Children in Quebec Families, 1850-1969 by Marie-Aimée Cliche, W. Donald Wilson